Answer to be posted in a couple of days

As with all my examples, I define f_past_valid as,

reg	f_past_valid;

initial f_past_valid <= 0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
	f_past_valid <= 1;

I use this to make certain I never make assertions about $past(X) on the first clock, given that such assertions would reference a value of X before the initial time step–a time when it’s undefined.

As for the rest of the question, bear in mind that I’m known to ask trick questions and this question is no different.